Early Warning and real-time risk reduction

An early warning is an alert launched soon after the detection of a possibly dangerous event and before the eventual damage at a given location. The time scale of the alert depends on the specific hazard to be considered and ranges between seconds for earthquakes to hours or weeks for volcanoes, floods and meteorological phenomena. Early Warning methods are not a classical forecasting method. They can give probabilistic information of the event intensity at a given location after the event started
Implementation of early warning systems is nowadays considered as a major tool to face catastrophic natural and man-induced events in a planet where population is continuously increasing and concentrating in mega-cities.
AMRA has built up a significant experience in earthquake early warning systems . For these systems the technological innovation and the automation processes play an essential role, given the short time between the detection of the event and the arrivale of the destructive phases
AMRA’s skills includes signal transmission systems, low cost and high space density sensor networks, ( robust and able to operate under extreme conditions), capability of fast data processing and modelling, information and preparation strategies.

Research lines of AMRA and available tools:
  • Development of on-site earthquake early warning systems able to implement automatic actions for strategic buildings and industries.
  • Combination of regional and on-site earthquake early warning systems for taking immediate security actions based on information of high reliability.
  • Development of early warning programs for volcanic eruptions based on a Bayesian event tree approach.
  • Development and implementation of programs for forecasting weather and floods events based on satellite data and ground surveys.
  • Support to local authorities for education and communication to people.

AMRA’s specific activity in the field
  1. ISNet, a seismic network for EEW testing
  2. PRESTo, a customized earthquake early warning system
  3. Methodologies for regional and onsite systems
  4. Prototype of an early warning node
Claudio Martino, Luca Elia, Simona Colombelli, Sergio Del Gaudio, Eugenio Chioccarelli, Annamaria Criscuolo
  1. MARsite: New Directions in Seismic Hazard Assessment through Focused Earth Observation in the Marmara Supersite
  2. MED-SUV: Mediterranean Supersite Volcanoes
  3. STRIT: Tools and Technologies for Risk Management of Transport Infrastructures
  4. MISE-ARGO: Analysis of natural and antropogenic risks of off-shore oil platforms
  5. REAC 2015: Accelerometric monitoring of Campano-Lucano Apennines through the AMRA's ISNet network
  1. REAKT: Strategies and tools for Real Time EArthquake RisK ReducTion
  2. NERA: Network of european research infrastructures for earthquake risk assessment and mitigation
  3. MATRIX: New multi-hazard and multi-risk assessment methods for Europe
  4. TRANSFER: Tsunami Risk ANd Strategies For the European Region
  5. ISLAR: Industrial Seismic Loss Assessment and Reduction
  6. SAFER: Seismic Early Warning in Europe
  7. VULCAMED: Seismic early warning system for the Eastern Sicily
  8. INTERREG: SE-RISK: Advanced techniques for SEismic RISK reduction in Mediterranean Archipelagos
  9. SAMS: Seismic Alert Management System
  10. SIT-MEW: Broadband telecommunication integrated system for land and emergency management based on early warning methodologies
  11. RELUIS 2014: RS1-Early Warning Sismico, RS3-Induced Seismic Risk
  12. ReLUIS 2010-2013: Technologies development for the monitoring and management of seismic risk
  13. ReLUIS EWS: Feasibility study of the different automatic Early Warning systems: Campania system and lead-time maps
  14. ReLUIS AQUILA: Feasibility study of EWS implementation based on signals of the L’Aquila city ISNet network
  15. ReLUIS ECSO: Socio-economic aspects of seismic risk
  16. ReLUIS NORMA: Regulative and pre-regulative documents for the structures sustainability in seismic areas
  17. ReLUIS EMILIA: Support to the evalution of the post-earthquake damages, in particular on industrial hangars